Front End Loaders
When equipped with forks, front-end loaders can be operated as forklifts and the same procedures must be followed as indicated above. Typically, front-end loaders are used to lift and move large diameter pipe.
When lifting pipe from overhead some additional requirements must be observed. Locate overhead obstructions such as wires and trees and keep a minimum 10-foot clearance at all times. Obstacles in the trench, meter pit or vault must also be avoided.
Inspect rigging for damage. Never swing a load of pipe or fittings over workers or in areas that are used as pathways for traveling. Operate the crane at constant speed. Avoid jerking and sudden movements.
Backhoes are often operated as cranes. The hook on the underside of the bucket is used to lift and transport pipe. The use of backhoes is common since they are almost always available on the job site. The same precautions used for cranes must be followed to ensure their safe operation.